The livestock re-entry period varies from product-to-product and is shown close the end of each instruction leaflet or booklet. It is vitally important that you read and follow these instructions. If you have lost your instruction leaflet or booklet they are available on this website under the product description. If no livestock re-entry period is shown then this means that livestock may be allowed to return to the pasture immediately after spraying. For example, there is no livestock re-entry period for Glyphosate. Beware of toxic weeds (normally ignored by livestock) which may become sweeter to livestock following application. Please read the instructions carefully.
The dilution rate varies from product-to-product and is shown close to the end of each instruction leaflet or booklet. The dilution rate for one of our most popular domestic products, APPARENT Glyphosate Green 360 is 5-15 mL/Litre in water in a knapsack sprayer. The dilution rate for APPARENT Ravage (a concentrated 'weed and feed' product) is 6 mL/Litre in water in a knapsack sprayer. The dilution rate for APPARENT Dingo (Chlorpyrifos) is 9 mL/Litre of water. For other products the dilution rate can be calculated by dividing the application rate per ha by the minimum amount of water to be used per ha.
The instruction booklet is located behind the back label. Simply remove and discard the back label, and then remove the booklet for safe-keeping. A duplicate of the back label will remain on the bottle or drum. Some imported products will have a folded leaflet in a plastic envelop attached to the neck of the bottle. If you lose your instruction leaflet or booklet they are available on this website under the product description.
The results from Glyphosate spraying are usually not observed for 2-3 weeks after application. Weeds under stress will take longer to die because the Glyphosate must be translocated from the foliage to the roots. If you have not seen any results after three weeks then it may have rained within three hours of application. Alternatively, if you are in a region where water is “hard” (that is, excessive calcium and magnesium in the water source) and you did not add Ammonium Sulphate to the tank mix before the Glyphosate then the product will not work to specification. The Glyphosate product you have used will have come from a batch size of 16,000 to 18,000 litres, subject to the pack size. If you wish to confirm that the product has worked satisfactorily for others please send the batch number on the back label of your drum to APPARENT for confirmation. If you are seeking faster results from Glyphosate it is recommended that you use the APPARENT Triple Seven 777 WG, the ammonium salt of Glyphosate which will give a faster brown-out.
Empirical evidence suggests that the tallow-amine wetter in Glyphosate (not the Glyphosate itself) is harmful to fish and frogs. Therefore, as a general rule you should avoid using Glyphosate close to water. However, APPARENT has two Glyphosate products: APPARENT Glyphosate Green 360 and APPARENT Triple Seven 777 WG which use a low-toxic aquatic wetter, that is, they may be used close to water without harming fish and frogs. There are other Glyphosate products on the market which also claim to be “frog-friendly”, but this is because they contain either a diluted or inferior wetter. The two APPARENT products offer maximum efficacy as well as protection to fish and frogs.
There is no product which is truly rain-fast. The best solution to rain-fastness is not to spray if it is likely to rain within three hours of application – and to use Glyphosate which has an excellent wetter. Trials have established that Glyphosate products classed as “rainfast” (with an added non-ionic acid) perform only around 10% better than those that are not. Rainfastness may also be improved by increasing the concentration of the active. If you are using APPARENT Glyphosate 450, our wetter (TERWET 3780) also has the property of humectancy which means it will absorb rainwater rather than washing away. On the other hand, if you wish to improve rainfastness of our Glyphosate products simply add 2% by volume of APPARENT GOLD Wetter 1000. Your Glyphosate mixture will then perform as well as any Glyphosate in the rain and you will not have the added expense of the non-anionic acid incorporated in the Glyphosate.
As a general rule the answer is “no” because the highest quality wetter recommended for the product is already included in APPARENT products. If you add a Wetter to the tank-mix because this has been your standard practice then we recommend using APPARENT Wetter 1000. Please note that our CACHET Glyphosate 450 contains an effective wetter and will work well under most conditions. However, it is desirable to add a wetter to CACHET if you are spraying under hot and dry conditions. If you are a domestic user and do not wish to invest in a 20-L drum of Wetter a small quantity of dish-washing detergent added at the same level as the Wetter will provide reasonable results. Please remember if you buy a product on price, a lower-priced product will often contain an inferior wetter which will result in significantly reduced efficacy.
We have prepared a table to show the compatibility between the active materials in all APPARENT products. This table should only be used as a “ready-reckoner” because the information contained on the label provides the details and is recognised as the final arbiter by APVMA.
Where you see a green square
, the two chemicals on the axes are compatible, that is, may be mixed.
Where you see a red
square the two chemicals on the axes are incompatible, that is, antagonistic to the point where the mixture will simply not work and may block your spray nozzles.
Where you see the amber
square, the two products on the axes may be compatible under certain circumstances which could include dilution factor, crop, season, adjuvant, location or the mixture may not be stored overnight. You should definitely consult the label where you see an amber square.
Where there is no colour
shown the two products should be regarded as incompatible. Click here for the table
These plants are known as “woody weeds” because their stems are essentially woody rather than soft, green or herbaceous. There are many species of woody weeds, both annual and perennial, thriving in Australia and covering vast areas of valuable land. Many species have been introduced. Woody weeds often expand or grow quickly, especially on pasture, and several species are noxious to livestock. Even if there is no pasture involved, many woody weeds will often out-compete beneficial plants. The best method of control is APPARENT WOODY® or APPARENT BRUSH N WOOD (Triclopyr + Picloram) because the product is very effective and there is no re-entry interval for livestock. However, APPARENT Metsulfuron 600, APPARENT Fluroxypyr 200 and APPARENT Triclopyr 600 (or APPARENT AXEMAN®) will also achieve very good results. Metsulfuron 600 may be mixed with APPARENT Glyphosate for improved results, but may persist in the soil for several months. All of the above may be applied by air if required.
A generic product is no longer patented, therefore, under the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) law, the company which developed the product in the first place no longer has a proprietary interest in the molecule. This company will almost invariably be a multi-national corporation (MNC) and will therefore charge a higher price for the generic product because its costs are higher than generic suppliers. However, can this higher price be justified on the basis of improved quality over the generic version? The answer to this question is “no” because the Australian market for agricultural chemicals is regulated by a government body known as the Australian Pesticides & Veterinary Medicine Authority (APVMA) which requires, for example, APPARENT Glyphosate 450 to be identical to the MNC Glyphosate 450 in that they both contain 450 g/L of active material and 120 g/L of wetter. On this basis alone there can be no difference between a “proprietary” product and its generic version.
However, you might then continue to ask, “the generic product is produced in China, but the proprietary product is produced in, for example, the USA. Does this not suggest a difference in quality?” The answer to this question is also “no” because even the MNCs source their active material or end-user products from China. In the case of APPARENT Ag we source virtually all of our products (active material and end-user products) from the same plants that supply the MNCs. In Australia our active material is formulated by local companies which also formulate products for the MNCs. There are nine major domestic formulation plants in Australia which also formulate for MNCs servicing the Australian market. APPARENT Ag uses seven of these plants to formulate end-user products under our APPARENT® range in addition to fully-formulated products imported from China. APPARENT Ag also has an arrangement with one MNC which formulates several of our products for the Australian market under the APPARENT® brand from active material that they themselves source from China.
There are around 600 companies in China which produce active material for agricultural chemicals. APPARENT Ag has assessed the 600 basic plants in China and classified them by quality. Of the 600 there are around 100 high quality plants equal to or better than any in the world. All of these plants also formulate end-user products from their own active material. We currently source most of our products (active and end-user) from 45 of these plants. The majority of these plants also supply MNCs with material identical to our own purchases. Several of these plants are heavily engaged in R&D to improve their products. For example, the move to granular formulations largely came from China, as do higher levels of purity in active materials. Several Chinese plants are working towards new formulations to replace existing formulations, many of which have been the market for more than 30 years.
We have long-term strategic supply agreements with five major Chinese companies covering preferential supply of around 70 active materials. All of these companies export to the US which has far more rigorous requirements compared with Australia on product quality. Our goal from inception has been to focus on the highest quality at a fair price and, as stated above, we have procedures in place to ensure we can achieve this objective. Apart from own assessment of each plant and their reputation (based on their MNC customer base and export record to the US) we buy only from basic manufacturers who operate formulation plants. We do not buy from traders because traders either refuse to disclose the source (fearing circumvention) or act as the channel to market for low quality product.
The APPARENT® product is at least equal to the quality of the MNC generic product (and in many cases superior), but priced at a level which gives the farmer value for money.
Please click HERE
for the answers to those questions.
While the attachment has been written for a US audience, the principles also apply to Australia and we plan to commence importing US product shown throughout the article.